Hi reader, that is such an important question! Do you know that the incidence of melanomas has increased despite the ongoing awareness and sunscreen protection campaigns? This is due in part to the fact that melanomas develop in the presence of DNA changes in the deep epidermal cells known as melanocytes. These DNA changes are increased greatly by sun exposure, but can also be related to genetic factors, poor diet and lifestyle choices and depending too heavily on sunscreen for protection leading to an actual increase in sun exposure! Sun protection remains at the top of the list of important preventative measures, but sun avoidance at the height of the intensity during midday and wearing of hats and long sleeves is just as important. One can minimize the DNA damage by taking daily antioxidants such as pycnogenol and by following a healthy balanced diet such as a personalized paleo-diet.
Annual mole mapping is essential and suspicious moles should be removed if they show signs of changing shape or size at all.