It’s a tempting thought: you’d save time on your morning routine, you could enhance thinning lashes and brows, you’d never have to reapply make-up after showering or swimming, and you would look your best from the moment you wake up. So what is permanent make-up really all about?
Also known as micro pigmentation, dermal or intradermal pigmentation, micro pigment implantation, and cosmetic tattooing, permanent cosmetics are becoming increasingly popular. Essentially a tattoo that is intended to make you look as though you’re always wearing make-up, the process involves using a needle to insert small amounts of pigment into the dermal layer of the skin. The most common procedures are eyeliner, eyebrow enhancement, and lip colour; cheek blush and eye shadow are also possible.
Apart from women (and some men) who want the convenience of permanent make-up, others who choose it include visually-challenged people and those with dexterity-related conditions like arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, or multiple sclerosis who have difficulty applying ordinary cosmetics, as well as people who suffer from allergies to conventional products.
Practitioners are dermatologists, cosmetologists, nurses, and tattooists and procedures are performed using various instruments including traditional tattoo coil machines, pen or rotary machines, and hand-held devices. You’ll have an initial consultation, followed by the application of the pigment, and at least one follow-up visit four to six weeks later for evaluating the healed work. You may need a ‘touch-up’ after the healing process is complete and the colour has settled. Prices range from around R950 for one procedure to approximately R2600 for a “full house” combination, with follow-ups costing upwards of R400.
During the procedure there may be some minor bleeding, depending on the nature of the work. Eyebrows generally show few side effects, but eyeliner and lip colour may cause slight to moderate swelling or bruising which should subside within a few days. Most healing takes place within seven to ten days, with tiny scabs forming which you treat with healing balm or Vaseline. There is usually a little tenderness at first, and the colour is darker than you might expect for the first six to ten days but will soften and lighten during healing. It can take up to six weeks to see the final result.
Some fading over time is to be expected, requiring periodic re-enhancement – longevity varies from person to person depending on sun exposure and other lifestyle factors, including the products used on the skin after the procedure. As with any cosmetic operation, probably the biggest risk is disappointing results; if you want to try and reverse the procedure, techniques to remove permanent cosmetics include laser treatment, dermabrasion, and surgical removal. These have limited success so it’s best to be sure you get it right the first time.
While allergic reactions to pigments are relatively rare, they can occur, leading to inflammation, irritation, soreness, and itching. Also, of course, unsterile tattooing equipment and needles may transmit infection. Other possible adverse reactions include granulomas, which are masses that form inside tissue around a foreign substance, and keloids which are overgrowths of scar tissue. Generally, if proper sterilisation and disinfection guidelines are met, permanent make-up is considered completely safe. It’s important to choose your salon and technician carefully – take into account training, experience, compliance with local regulations, references from previous clients, and your own feelings of trust and confidence in the practitioner. For more information and to find accredited technicians, visit the Permanent Cosmetic Association of South Africa website (www.pcasa.org.za). One final word of advice from the experts: don’t go for permanent make-up that’s overly dramatic or “trendy” – you’ll be living with the results for a long time!